glossary of video production and video editing terms


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Backlight Placing the dominant light source behind your subject so as to create a silhouette toward the camera.

Best Boy Assistant to the main electrician on a film set. See also Gaffer.

Blu-ray Disc (BD) An optical disc storage medium designed to supersede the DVD format. The same size as DVDs and CDs, Blu-ray Discs contain 25 GB per layer, with dual layer discs (50 GB) being the industry standard for feature-length video discs. The name Blu-ray Disc refers to the blue laser used to read the disc, which allows information to be stored at a greater density than is possible with the longer-wavelength red laser used for DVDs. The major application of Blu-ray Discs is as a medium for video material such as feature films. 

Bounce Card A card (often white or silver or gold) used for soft indirect lighting of the subject by bouncing light off the card. Can also be used to provide a gentle brightening of shadow areas. Especially useful out-of-doors since it does not require power.

B-Roll Secondary footage of a given subject matter that is often used to cover awkward transitions between clips, hide jump cuts, or to add visual interest to an otherwise static sequence. Regularly used in interviews and documentaries, but may also be used for a variety of other applications.

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